FYPs/Thesis/Journal from Higher Education Institutions in Hong Kong


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Date: From


Institution Title Type Date Author(s) Abstract Link
HKUST Developing a Building Information Modeling Framework for Infrastructure Facility Management FYP 06/2015 LO Tsz Fung
TAM, Siu-hung
There is a global trend of green buildings in recent years. The BEAM Plus green building standard developed by the Hong Kong Green Building Council (HKGBC) in 2009 has certified over 200 projects in Hong Kong. Green buildings have utilized various design features and operation technologies to reduce energy, waste and water consumption, improve indoor environmental quality and increase building performance.

Facilities Management (FM) is the total management of all services that support the core businesses of an organization in a building. Nowadays, the design and structure of buildings are getting increasingly sophisticated and the need for specialization in management and maintaining them at high quality is vital. Facility managers have to acquire, integrate, edit, and update diverse facility information ranging from building elements, data, operational costs, room allocation, contract types, to maintenance. However, FM professionals have to face challenges resulting in cost and time related to productivity, efficiency and effectiveness losses. Building Information Modeling (BIM) seeks to integrate building lifecycle, provide improvements and help to overcome such those challenges.

Thus, the aims of this project is to explore how BIM can contribute to and improve the FM profession and develop a BIM-based framework that facilitates the facility operations and management process of civil infrastructure facilities. To explore the technical feasibility of the proposed approach, It aim the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Jockey Club Institute for Advance Study (IAS) as a target to implement and test, which is one of the world’s leading centers of research and intellectual inquiry, aiming to drive major advances and discoveries with its inter-disciplinary research locally and worldwide and establish itself as an international centre for excellence. For this purpose, the FM’s key tasks for indoor environmental quality improvement of green building features are identified and evaluated and a BIM model for the IAS building is developed and experimented by the FM tasks. As a result, such simulation helps shaping the vision, direction and policy for future energy and aviation systems.
HKUST Analysis and Evaluation of Green Building Features Using Building Information Modeling FYP 06/2015 LO Lok
Kwok Hoi Ling Helen
The number of green buildings is growing rapidly worldwide and the construction of green building can be facilitated by Building Information Modeling (BIM), which also becomes popular in recent years. At the same time, increasing number of new and current buildings are getting certified as green buildings by energy codes.

The project aims to study the green features of the HKUST Jockey Club Institute for Advanced Study (IAS) building as it is designed to reduce energy consumption with daylighting. Lighting and space cooling are the two major annual electric consumption by while spacing heating is the major annual fuel end use. The energy simulation results reveal that similar simulation engine generates similar results.

Alternative designs are created to further improve the energy saving efficiency of the IAS building and are compared with the original IAS building. The best orientation for the IAS building is to be rotated 150o clockwise from the original position. The building should also have occupancy and daylighting sensors and controls installed. The curtain walls should be replaced by translucent wall panels (U-0.10, SHGC 0.06, Tvis 0.04). The results agrees with the potential energy chart which indicates window glass as the building features that has the greatest energy saving potential. It is recommended that to modify the IAS building with all three aspects to maximize energy reduction.

LEED and BEAM Plus Compliance are checked with alternative designs. Only the case with the IAS building model having translucent wall panels (U-0.10, SHGC 0.06, Tvis 0.04) and the combined case earn LEED EA 1 credits; whereas all cases mentioned above are eligible for BEAM Plus Section 4.1 EU 1 credits.
HKUST Building information modeling for energy consumption simulation and analysis FYP 06/2013 TSANG, Po Keung Building Information Modelling (BIM) is the 3D virtual model of buildings which embedded information to facilitate the knowledge management and share information with different parties such as architecture, engineering and construction (AEC). In the current stage, BIM is commonly used in design communication, structure and design visualization, clash detection, prefabrication, and 4D simulations. With the complex nature of AEC project, these processes engage multiple parties, professionals and diversified software. In order to effectively support the use of information, facility of an accurate exchange of data among different parties and software is the major concern. The Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) of BuildingSMART, which is standard for interchange of the BIM data in the AEC industry and recognized as methods and tools for project deliver during building life cycle. To extend the uses of BIM for energy analysis, this project shows a feasible approach of extending the IFC standard to satisfy the requirements for energy analysis and introduces an information model and proposes IFC extension to enhance computer aids energy analysis throughout the building life cycle. N.A.
HKUST Study on Legal Aspects of BIM Projects Report 06/2020 Ka Cheong TANG
Tsz Yin CHOW
Building Information Modeling (BIM) is an emerging technology applied in Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) industry. With the increase in the BIM application, some legal uncertainties have appeared and led to a high risk in legal aspects when adopting BIM in design and construction projects. It is vital that BIM users should be aware of the potential legal issues and develop suitable legal documents and contracts to prevent these issues from occurring. Within this context, a critical review on different cases associated with BIM is carried out in order to provide an overview of potential legal issues. Model copyright, right of BIM common data environment control and responsible control were discussed. Furthermore, three protocols and guidelines commissioned by the United Kingdom, the United States and Singapore are compared and analyzed. BIM Protocol published by Construction Industry Council of the United Kingdom is suggested as the most comprehensive and structured protocol in the analysis. Recommendations on the aspects of BIM cyber security, practical completion and contractors’ perspective are made to Hong Kong AEC professional institutes to commission a suitable and comprehensive protocol for the local industry. N.A.
HKUST Study on BIM Project Execution Plan and BIM Uses in Comparison with PMBOK Report 06/2020 Ka Wing Ngan
Project successful strongly relies on PMBOK. Besides that, BIM is important because it is a powerful tool in delivery of BIM-based project. To implement BIM, BIM uses are defined based on project goals. To effective implement BIM as planned, BIM project execution plan (PXP) is necessary to control BIM. In the first section, this paper compares supporting infrastructure from BIM project execution plan (PXP) to PMBOK to find out the relationship. The categories of supporting infrastructure are BIM PXP overview, project information, key project contacts, project goals / BIM uses, organizational roles / staffing, BIM process design, BIM information exchanges, BIM and facility data requirement, collaboration procedures, quality control, technological infrastructure needs, model structure, project deliverables and delivery strategy / contract whereas PMBOK are integration, scope, time, cost, quality, human resources, communication, risk, procurement and stakeholder management. From the investigation, it is found that risk and cost management is not obviously applied from the categories of supporting infrastructure. In the second section, this paper investigate the relationship of various BIM uses in terms of PMBOK. The considerable BIM uses are design authoring, design review, 3D coordination, cost estimation, phase planning (4D Modelling), digital fabrication and site utilization planning. It is also found that scope, communication and human resources management is not obviously applied from the selected BIM uses. In the third section, we recommend that for BIM PXP additional section including project cost management and BIM risk management should be included; and for BIM uses attention should be paid in drafting BIM PXP to support BIM uses and other BIM uses maybe considered. Manager may benefit from the relationship developed and recommendation in BIM implementation. N.A.
HKUST Risk Management in BIM Projects Report 06/2020 SIO Wai Lam
The objectives of the project are to identify the risks with high risk level and mitigation with higher effectiveness in BIM industry. The survey was conducted to collect the data of risks and mitigations adopted by different groups of people. Overall analysis, by-group analysis and cross-group analysis were performed.

Thus, the risks were analyzed and discussed with two approaches - level of consequence and level of probability. The level of risk was identified combining these two approaches. The assumption and resolution of identified risks were discussed. Mitigation strategies with higher appropriateness were identified and relevant comments were made.

It is found that the level of risk of C6 (Poor participation / contribution from project team in BIM adoption) and M1 (Lack of adequate expertise in BIM) are extreme, and are very high for risk T6 (Design conflict / clashes in BIM was not revealed / unresolved), C1 (Unclear requirements (e.g. EIR / AIR / contract) of BIM uses and specifications), C2 (Unclear roles, responsibility and liability in BIM implementation). As for mitigation strategy, it is found that mitigation #1 (Clear Employer’s Information Requirement) and #11 (BIM Education for Project Team) were mitigation strategies with the 1st and 2nd ranking in appropriateness/effectiveness. Mitigation can minimize risk C6, and mitigation #11 helps to mitigate risk M1.